W. Robert Connor Reflecting on a comment by the former president of Williams College, Frank Oakley, this essay explores liberal education as a "narrative" in addressing the changes that have occurred in the last decade.
Jeanne L. Narum To understand where we are in the process of transforming undergraduate science, technology, engineering, and mathematics(STEM) education in the last years of the 20th century, it is important to think first about why reform was needed. It will help to explore what went wrong, how teaching and learning, research and education in the sciences and mathematics in the nation's undergraduate community came to have deep-seated problems.
A System of Solutions: Every School, Every Student by Shirley Malcom,
Joan Abdallah, Daryl Chubin, and Kathryn Grogan, provides guidance to
school districts and sponsors investing in communities as the locus of
educational change. With support from the GE Foundation, this American
Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) study of the National
Science Foundation's (NSF) systemic education reform program, Urban
Systemic Initiatives (USI), assesses how science and mathematics
achievement gains were achieved in ten complex school systems serving
largely minority students living in poverty. Six factors were found to
support school systems in increasing achievement for all its students:
Ownership & Accountability; Resources, Notably Time; Data &
Research-based practices; High Expectations & High Standards; Management
& System Capacity; and Implementation & Technical Assistance: Going to
Lessons learned from a rigorous examination of State Systemic Initiatives to determine the impact of strategic leadership in achieving "substantial and enduring reform..." provide insights for leaders working to transform the system that is undergraduate STEM education.
Although targeted at systemic reform within the educational system that is the K-12 community, in recognizing that "the primary function of the science education system is to supply society with scientifically literate citizens," this report suggests approaches for all stakeholders as we work toward systemic reform of America's K-12 system.